Cally Boundaries Project

The Cally Boundaries was a community-led project to reveal and restore drystone dykes in and around the designed landscape of Cally. Volunteers surveyed the condition of 17km of drystone dyke and cleared undergrowth to reveal the dykes for the restoration to be undertaken by professional dykers. Dyke building training days allowed volunteers to learn rural skills while restoring historical features which are important to the setting of Gatehouse of Fleet. 


The Cally boundaries project restored three types of drystone dyke: Perimeter policy and deer dykes are usually over 1.6m above ground level and are of double construction with granite boulders as cope stones and prominent through stones. Archives show that many of these dykes were built in the early 1800s by William Black and John McGill.

The haha is a field boundary which does not interrupt views of open countryside. A drystone dyke retains one side of a ditch while the other side has a gentle slope. The dyke is usually 1.4m in height from the base of the ditch and lacks cope stones. A low fence erected on top of the dyke helps to increase its effective height.

Similar in purpose to the haha, the double sunk dyke hides the boundary wall along the centre line of a ditch. At Cally the dyke is over 1.6m high, a small burn runs along the bottom of the ditch, and instead of a stone cope it is topped with turf. Archives show that this dyke was built in the early 1800s by James Conlin and Edward Murphy.